Ammeter - A Complete Guide!

What is an Ammeter? 
Ammeter Reading and Symbol
How does an Ammeter work?
What are the types of Ammeters?
What is the range of Ammeter?
Where is the ammeter used in daily life?
How to Read a Ammeter?
Conclusion 

 An Ammeter has a lot of uses in day-to-day life and is a very important electrical measuring instrument. This complete guide will help you understand what an ammeter is, how an Ammeter works, different types of ammeters, and more. 

What is an Ammeter?

An ammeter is a measuring device that measures the flow of current in a circuit. It gives the exact reading of how much current passes through the conductor. Ammeter is derived from the Greek word ‘amps’ which means current. 

When the circuit is at rest and current begins to flow, the ammeter immediately shows the current. Most ammeters have little or no electrical resistance and are simply connected in series of the circuit to be measured. 

The current flowing through the ammeter causes a direct current to flow through the circuit, causing lights to glow and heating elements to heat up. However, the current drawn by the ammeter itself leads to a much smaller voltage drop across its terminals, so the ammeter can be a more sensitive measure of current than the electrical circuit elements themselves.

Ammeters are commonly used to measure the current drawn by any appliance, machine, motors, pumps, equipment, etc. Ammeters are available as either analog panel meters, or digital panel meters.

Ammeter Reading and Symbol

Current is measured in Amperes and hence Ammeter displays reading in amperes. In an electric circuit, ammeter is represented by A inside a small circle. 

How does an Ammeter work? 

In order to measure current in a circuit, it is important to break the circuit open and insert an “ammeter” in series with the circuit. This will allow electrons to flow through the ammeter as well as through the circuit. In few minutes, the ammeter will start showing the amperes in the circuit. 

What are the types of Ammeters?

On a broader level, the ammeters are classified in two categories – Types of ammeter depend on the construction and on the measurement of current. Lets look at each one to help us understand their functionality better. 

Based on construction:

  • Permanent moving coil ammeter (PMCA) : This ammeter is used to measure direct current. Here, the coil is placed between the pole of a permanent magnet. The deflection of the coil depends on how much current flows through it. 
  • Moving iron ammeter: Used for measuring both direct and alternating current. The deflection of the assembly is proportional to the current that passes through the coil. 
  • Electro-dynamometer ammeter: Used for measuring both the AC and DC currents. This has more accuracy when compared to the other two instruments. 
  • Rectifier type ammeter: Generally used for precise measurement of alternating current and finds application in communication circuits. 

Based on the measurement of current:

  • AC ammeter
    An ammeter is a device used to measure current. It comprises of a moving iron movement in which the assembly moves between two jewel bearings. This ammeter is used to measure DC currents. 
  • DC ammeter
    DC ammeters are used to measure the current flowing through a conductor. The ammeter is a simple device that has a dial with divisions to indicate the amount of current passing through it. This ammeter is used to measure the current in DC circuits with a frequency of 50 or 60 Hz.

Analog Ammeter

The pointer inside the ammeter moves within a span of 90°. The tip of the pointer corresponds to a numeric value. This is the amps of current passing through the circuit. DC ammeters have linear scales with equal divisions. AC ammeters have non-linear scales with unequal divisions. 

These CF series 2 ammeters are manufactured, exported and supplied by Beemet are designed to an internationally accepted standard.

Digital Ammeter

Digital ammeters measure current flow in amps and display current levels as per the number of digits provided on a digital display. These devices help users troubleshoot erratic loads and trends. 

Beemet's manufactured digital ammeters which comes in various sizes (96×48/96×96/48×48) as well as in compact module form.

What is the range of Ammeter?

The range of an ammeter means the maximum capacity of current it reads. Typically an ammeter has a range of 0-3 ampere and there are 30 divisions on its scales. 

E. g. – if you take an ammeter which has a dial 0 —300, it means it can read the current upto 300 amp. For digital electronic ammeter no dial will be there, and it reads on the screen up to the capacity mentioned on it. 

Where is the ammeter used in daily life? 

The ammeter is a device used to measure electric current. It is most commonly used in electrical systems, such as in homes and businesses, to measure the flow of electricity. An ammeter can measure both the DC and AC current. In everyday life it can be used anywhere to measure the current like in cars, fridge, heaters, sensitive machines etc. 

How to Read an Ammeter?

An ammeter has two terminals on the rear indicated by positive and negative signs. Connect the equipment accordingly. When the equipment is switched on, the ammeter will indicate the current drawn by the equipment. 

Ammeter reading is the reading of the deflection of the magnetic needle due to the intensity of the magnetic field created in the ammeter coil caused by the amount of current flowing. So when calibrated they are capable of measuring the amount of current flowing when connected in series in the circuit.

Reading an ammeter is simple, but there are a few things you need to know in order to do so. First, the ammeter has two terminals – the black lead (or “anode”) and the red lead (or “cathode”). The ammeter’s scale is read from left to right, with each number representing a certain amount of current. Second, when measuring current, it’s important to keep in mind that ammeters measure DC current – that is, the current flowing through the meter is constant regardless of how much voltage is present. Finally, always use caution when working with electrical equipment – even small currents can be dangerous if not handled properly! 

Conclusion

Beemet is a leading voltmeter and ammeter manufacturer and exporter from India. We have won the trust of many customers around the world by providing high-quality products at competitive prices. Our Ammeters are used in several commercial and industrial applications. 

Beemet ammeters are available in various models and sizes to suit the customer’s requirements. They come in: 

  • Square DIN sizes (48/72/96/144) 
  • Wide view clear polycarbonate front mounting and rear panel mounting type 
  • Round meter with glass front-type 
  • Rectangular sizes 
  • Wide angle 240° circular scale type 
  • Educational portable type mounted on a desktop stand 
  • American type Saxon and Fiesta series. 
  • Maximum demand indicator / bimetallic ammeters in 2 and 3 pointer types. 

The meter housing is made with ABS and polycarbonate plastics. Our ammeters are available in DC permanent magnet moving coil type, AC moving iron type and moving coil rectifier type. The microammeters are available from 25μA – 1000μA, milliammeters from 1mA – 1000mA, ammeters from 1A – 60A (internal shunt), 1A – 10000A (with external shunt) and similar range for AC ammeters with external CT. We also manufacture digital ammeters in various sizes (96×48/96×96/48×48) as well as in compact module form. 

Hope this article helped you with a detailed understanding on Ammeters!